Joint discomfort can impair joint function and impede a person’s ability to do daily actions or tasks. Extreme joint pain can impair quality of life. Arthritis is the main cause of pain and disability, globally. Exercise, medicine, and stress reduction are common recommendations for relieving the discomfort of arthritis and associated illnesses. In addition to focusing on pain, treatment should also target the impacted activities and functions.
Experts recommend the following lifestyle modifications to manage arthritis better:
Therapies Without Medication
Natural methods are the preferred alternative for arthritic pain relief. There are several advantages and no side-effects. You may require medicine, but it is still crucial to make improvements to your lifestyle.
Exercise & stretching: Exercises helps joint pain and stiffness. Exercises can be as effective as joint pain relievers, but you must do it consistently. Like other therapies, if you stop exercising, the advantages disappear. Your arthritis management programme should incorporate exercise to maintain a healthy heart and lungs. Walking, swimming, cycling, tai chi, and yoga are excellent low-impact exercises. Include resistance training to strengthen your muscles to support your joints. And maintain your flexibility by stretching. Check with your doctor or a physical therapist to ensure that you are following the appropriate exercise regimen.
Balance your health: If you are overweight, losing weight will significantly improve your mobility. Weight loss significantly reduces joint tension, especially in the knees and hips. It also reduces pain and improves joint function. Arthritis pain can be reduced by half if you lose at least 20% of your body weight.
Joint pain medicine
If arthritis or osteoarthritis gives you pain, you do not need to bear it. Several drugs and other therapies can provide relief. Medicines may not eliminate your pain or cure you entirely, but they can alleviate the pain sufficiently for you to conduct your desired and necessary activities, live an active life and thrive.
Acetaminophen: Acetaminophen or paracetamol helps relieve mild to moderate arthritis pain. The medication reduces the perception of pain in the brain. It can relieve joint pain, but not joint inflammation.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications or NSAIDs: NSAIDs help decrease inflammation and alleviate discomfort e.g., Ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. Both acetaminophen and NSAIDs relieve pain, but only NSAIDs can reduce inflammation (swelling and irritation) Side Effects: NSAIDs can increase your risk of heart attack, hypertension, stomach irritation and renal disease. Other effects can be stomach discomfort and heartburn, migraines, dizziness, liver, high blood pressure, allergic responses such as wheezing and throat infection, and an increased propensity to haemorrhage.
Analgesics: Topical therapies like ointments or gels that can be rubbed into the skin over the affected joint, may also be effective in reducing joint pain. Some of them are available over the counter, while others require a prescription from a physician. To alleviate pain, cream may be applied on the skin over a sore joint. You can use by itself or in conjunction with oral medications.
Side Effects: Analgesics can cause stomach discomfort, dizziness, sleepiness, ringing in the ears, skin itching, constipation, and dry mouth.
Counterirritants: Some lotions and ointments contain menthol or capsaicin, the component that gives hot peppers their fiery flavour. The transmission of pain signals from the joint itself may be impeded by rubbing these formulations on the skin over the affected joint.
Steroids: Corticosteroid drugs decrease swelling and discomfort and delay joint degeneration. Injections or pills of corticosteroids may be administered to a sore joint.
Side Effects: Side effects include bone loss, weight loss, and diabetes. Corticosteroids can lead to diabetes, weight gain, cataracts, thinning skin, glaucoma, and other conditions.
Antirheumatic medicines with a disease-modifying effect or DMARDs: DMARDs can reduce the course of rheumatoid arthritis and prevent damage to the joints and other tissues. In addition to traditional DMARDs, there are biological agents and synthetic DMARDs that help manage arthritis better.
Side-Effects: Most of the meds increase the risk of infection, though the degree of effects vary.
Injections: Injections can relieve pain and decrease inflammation. A type of injection used to treat joint pain is steroid joint injections. Injections of corticosteroids are beneficial for reducing joint swelling, but their effects wear off over time. Steroid injections into the joint provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation.
It is essential to know that your treatment will be determined by the root cause of your joint discomfort. There are several treatment options for joint pain, including physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and home therapies. There are several medications to pick from, but like with all treatments, each has advantages and disadvantages. Consult with your physician if over-the-counter pain relievers are ineffective and to determine what is best for you.
Is there any joint pain medicine?
There is no cure for arthritis. Regular exercise may reduce pain and enhance mobility and flexibility without causing joint harm. Low-impact exercises, cold packs, and painkillers may also be beneficial. Pain medications and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to relieve pain and inflammation on a short-term basis.
Do we require doctor’s prescription for joint pain medicine?
Some common pain medications can help alleviate the symptoms of arthritis for individuals with no other chronic conditions or complicated medical history. For other, it is pragmatic to consult a doctor first, as some pain relivers may trigger unwanted side-effects or cause adverse effects.
How much does the joint pain medicine cost?
The cost of pain relievers and analgesics which is administered topically to alleviate pain can start from Rs 60. Joint pain tablet like ibuprofen or crocin can cost less than Rs 5. Joint replacement procedures in India costs over Rs 2,00,000.
For how long does one take joint pain medicine?
Doctors advise not to take over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines routinely for more than 10 days for pain. You can continue with the medications only under your doctor's guidance. Most anti-inflammatory medicines are effective pain relievers, but they are intended for short-term usage only.
Who should take the joint pain medicine?
An individual who is experiencing severe pain in joint or joints or if their joint has swollen up suddenly should take joint pain medicine and seek treatment from a specialist.