Asthma is a condition in which airways get swollen and constricted, which leads to the creation of excess mucus. The condition can make it difficult to breathe and cause coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Your doctor will evaluate your medical history and your family’s medical history, to develop a suitable medication course. For the most suitable plan. It is mandatory for you to disclose your history of allergies, eczema, and lung disorders, if any. They will consider your age, the symptoms you are experiencing, the triggers, and what eases the symptoms to determine the best drugs for you.
Long-term drugs: Long-term preventative medicines minimise airway inflammation and discomfort. Inhalers or bronchodilators administer medications open inflamed airways to improve breathing to prevent asthma episodes. Asthma therapy centres on regular, long-term treatments and anti-asthmatic drugs, which reduce asthma attacks.
- Inhaled meds: Inhaled corticosteroids comprise fluticasone propionate, budesonide, among others. The drugs may take days or weeks to work effectively. Inhaled corticosteroids have fewer negative effects than oral corticosteroids.
- Oral Medicines: Oral medicine or a tablet for asthma like leukotriene modifier include montelukast and zileuton, which may have side-effects. Thus, your specialist can prescribe the appropriate course based on your medical history.
- Mix-inhalers: The drug group includes fluticasone-salmeterol, budesonide-formoterol, formoterol-mometasone, among others. For treating asthma attacks, doctors prescribe quick-relief drugs as needed and may also prescribe using them before exercising.
Medicine for Asthma
Doctors use quick relief or rescue drugs to relieve asthma symptoms faster. Using your quick-relief inhaler may not be necessary if your long-term medications are effective.
Types of quick-relief medications include:
- Beta agonists. Inhaled bronchodilators relieve asthma symptoms within minutes. The med group includes albuterol and levalbuterol. The beta agonists can be administered using a portable inhaler or a nebuliser with a mouthpiece.
- Anticholinergics agents: Meds like ipratropium and tiotropium will make breathing easier and treat emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma.
- Oral/IV corticosteroids. Medicines like prednisone and methylprednisolone can alleviate airway inflammation caused by acute asthma.
You specialist will advise you to count your puffs on a weekly basis. You can consult your doctor if you need to use your inhaler more regularly and whether your medications are effective.
Are there any asthma medicines?
A few of the more common preventive medications for asthma include corticosteroids (inhaled), leukotriene modifiers and Beta-agonists.
Do we require a doctor’s prescription for asthma medicine?
Most people with this condition require prescription medicine, such as an inhaler, to treat the illness safely and effectively. However, some over-the-counter remedies can occasionally help alleviate specific asthma symptoms.
How much does an asthma pump cost?
An asthma pump price can start from Rs 175 apiece. The cost of pump can vary across companies and regions.
For how long does one take asthma medicine?
Asthma is not a curable condition, and there is no permanent treatment yet. With the support of appropriate therapies and lifestyle modifications, asthma symptoms can be reduced. Even though asthma is a condition that lasts a lifetime, it is possible to live a healthy life and thrive.
Who should take the asthma pump?
Individuals with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary condition are prescribed a bronchodilator or "reliever" inhaler or pump to assist with breathing.