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Breast Cancer Therapy

Breast cancer therapy encompasses all of the treatment options used to manage and treat breast cancer. The therapy option recommended to a patient will be determined by the type and stage of breast cancer, in addition to the patient’s overall and medical history. The aim of breast cancer therapy is to get rid of the cancer and prevent it from coming back. Breast cancer treatment generally consists of a combination of surgical procedures, radiation treatment, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy.

Breast Cancer Surgery

Surgery frequently serves as the initial line of treatment for breast tumours. A mastectomy or lumpectomy may be performed to remove the tumour and surrounding tissue, according to the stage and location of the cancer. Lymph node removal may also be needed to find out if the cancer has spread.

Radiation
Following surgery, radiation therapy may be recommended to destroy any cancer cells that remain and reduce the risk of recurrence. This entails targeting and destroying cancer cells with controlled doses of radiation.

Radiotherapy for breast cancer comes in a variety of forms, including:

  • Breast radiotherapy
  • Chest-wall radiotherapy
  • Breast boost
  • Radiotherapy to the lymph nodes

Side effects of radiation therapy for breast cancer include:

  • Irritation and darkening of breast skin
  • Fatigue
  • Lymphoedema

Chemotherapys
Chemotherapy may also be used to treat breast cancer, especially if it has spread to other parts of the body. This involves the use of prescription medications to kill cancer cells, which can be given orally or intravenously. To treat breast cancer, various types of chemotherapy are used, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, and doxorubicin.

Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy is a type of treatment used for breast cancer in which oestrogen and progesterone are blocked from contributing to the growth of certain types of breast cancer. Patients with hormone receptor-positive tumours are usually prescribed hormone therapy including tamoxifen, anastrozole, and goserelin.

Side effects of hormone therapy performed for breast cancer can include:

  • Fatigue
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Mood changes
  • Vaginal discharge

Targeted therapy
Another type of breast tumour treatment is targeted therapy. In this, specific genes or proteins that promote cancer growth are targeted and eliminated. These medications can be taken by mouth or IV and are frequently used in conjunction with other forms of treatment.

Some of the medicines used in targeted therapy for breast cancer include:

  • Pertuzumab
  • Neratinib
  • Kadcyla

In addition to these medical treatments, breast cancer patients can benefit from incorporating daily exercise, a nutritious diet, and stress management techniques in their lifestyle. Patients must collaborate closely with their care team to develop a treatment plan that is specific to their needs and preferences.

A Note From Livlong

Breast cancer treatment is a complex process that is determined by the cancer’s stage and type. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy are all treatment options currently available. Regular breast care, such as self-examinations and mammograms, can aid in the early detection of breast cancer and improve outcomes. Breast pain is a common symptom caused by cysts in the breast or a breast tumour. Although not all breast pain is indicative of cancer, it is critical to seek medical attention if symptoms persist. For managing breast cancer and lowering the risk of recurrence, early diagnosis, timely treatment, and regular follow-up care are critical.

Therapy for Breast Cancer FAQS

What is the best hormone therapy for breast cancer?

Selecting the best hormone therapy for breast cancer can be a difficult and complex decision. The particular therapy you receive may be determined by your menopause status prior to being diagnosed with breast cancer. It may also be determined by the desire to have children. Talking with your doctor about personalised options and the advantages and drawbacks of each treatment can assist in making the most suitable decision.

How long do I need to take hormone therapy for breast cancer?

Hormonal therapy for breast cancer usually lasts between five and ten years, depending on a variety of factors, including the patient's overall condition and other medical problems. Hormone therapy may last longer for those who have had surgical menopause. Patients must discuss the length of hormonal treatment with their doctor and comply with the advised treatment regimen.

What type of breast cancer is treated with hormone therapy?

Hormonal therapy is typically used to treat breast cancers that are hormone receptor positive, which means they have oestrogen or progesterone receptors.

What is the success rate of hormone therapy for cancer?

Hormonal therapy is just one of the numerous treatments available to cancer patients. According to patient’s circumstances, hormone therapy may prevent or slow the progression of cancer. If you have cancer, talk to your breast cancer specialist or visit a breast cancer hospital to learn about how hormone therapy might help. They are your best source of information about your particular situation.

About The Author

Dr.William Lewis Aliquam sit amet dignissim ligula, eget sodales orci. Etiam vehicula est ligula, laoreet porttitor diam congue eget. Cras vestibulum id nisl eu luctus. In malesuada tortor magna, vel tincidunt augue fringilla eget. Fusce ac lectus nec tellus malesuada pretium.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) Gold Medalist (2009-2015) M.D In General Medicine (2016-2019), CCID (Infectious Diseases)

PG Diploma In Clinical Endocrinology v& Diabetes, Clinical Associate in Non-Invasive Cardiology

Dr.William Lewis Aliquam sit amet dignissim ligula, eget sodales orci. Etiam vehicula est ligula, laoreet porttitor diam congue eget. Cras vestibulum id nisl eu luctus. In malesuada tortor magna, vel tincidunt augue fringilla eget. Fusce ac lectus nec tellus malesuada pretium.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) Gold Medalist (2009-2015) M.D In General Medicine (2016-2019), CCID (Infectious Diseases)

PG Diploma In Clinical Endocrinology v& Diabetes, Clinical Associate in Non-Invasive Cardiology

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