Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce sufficient thyroid hormone. In its early stages, hypothyroidism may not generate apparent symptoms. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to additional health issues, such as high cholesterol and heart difficulties, over time. Hypothyroidism, also known as an underactive thyroid, is treated with thyroid medications. Even though the thyroid generates two hormones, T3 and T4; and T4 is the most usually recommended medication for hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism may only be diagnosed by blood work, as symptoms vary across individuals and are comparable to other illnesses. Once you and your doctor to determine the correct dosage, treatment with thyroid hormone medication is often straightforward, safe, and successful.
Hypothyroidism is often treated with daily doses of levothyroxine, which is a hormone replacement pill. Levothyroxine is a common name for synthetic variants of the thyroid hormone T4, and it is regarded the primary therapy for hypothyroidism. Initially, you will have routine blood testing until the right levothyroxine dosage is determined. The medication is used orally and restores hormone levels to normal, hence removing hypothyroidism symptoms. The med cannot cure you, although it can stabilise your condition to a great extent.
One or two weeks after beginning therapy, you are likely to feel better. The treatment is expected to be lifelong. Because the amount you require may fluctuate, your doctor may check your TSH level annually.
When the thyroid is out of balance, the body suffers. You may feel weary, gain weight, or have mental fog. Identifying and eliminating the triggers is essential. The following guidelines on how to maintain your condition:
Do not mix medications: Taking other hormones with thyroid medicine might reduce its efficacy. Estrogen and progesterone may inhibit thyroid hormone absorption. Thus, you must separate the drugs by an hour.
Supplements can inhibit absorption: Iron and calcium may decrease thyroid hormone absorption, like hormones. Take thyroid hormone on an empty stomach in the morning and multivitamins after lunch, at least 4 hours later.
Taking your medicines
Don’t change brands: To ensure that your hypothyroidism is under control, continue using the same brand. Various forms of thyroid hormone medications may contain varying dosages. This may interfere with your hormone levels.
Timetable: Take your medication daily at the same time. Try to take them around one hour before meals or bedtime. Do not take it while eating. Food and some supplements, such as calcium,
can impact how the body utilises them. Thus, adhere to a timetable.
Consistency: Don’t skip dosages. Take the missed dose as soon as you recall. If necessary, you can take two tablets in one day.
Is your Medication is working?
Your physician will evaluate your thyroid hormone levels six to eight weeks after the first dose. They will continue to monitor your development in the following months. If the hypothyroidism symptoms do not improve, they will adjust your dosage until your symptoms improve.
Foods for hypothyroidism
Medication is the first line of therapy for hypothyroidism. However, adopting a balanced lifestyle and consuming healthier foods may significantly boost thyroid levels. The foods you consume might influence thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Consequently, it is essential to find foods that improve thyroid function if you have thyroid disorders. Individuals with the thyroid condition are more susceptible to nutrient deficiencies than others.
There are many nutrients that are essential to sustain the regulation of thyroid:
• Iodine: Inadequate intake of iodine intake triggers hypothyroidism. Iodine is required to make thyroid hormones and inadequate production of this nutrient can trigger hypothyroidism. Note: If you have hypothyroidism, do not consume iodine supplements without your doctor’s advice. Over-consuming iodine can have adverse effects and can lead to hyperthyroidism.
• Zinc: The body requires zinc for the generation of thyroid hormones and thyroid function. Zinc deficiency can significantly affect thyroid function and many other areas of health. Thus, it is crucial to consume sufficient amounts of this vitamin.
• Selenium: The mineral is required for thyroid hormone synthesis and protects the thyroid from oxidative stress-induced damage. Have Brazil nuts and legumes in your diet to increase your selenium levels and help balance your thyroid levels.
• Vitamin D: Individuals with hypothyroidism are more susceptible to vitamin D deficiency. Low amounts of vitamin D might impede the function of thyroid and aggravate hypothyroid symptoms. Because vitamin D is not abundant in many foods, supplementation is frequently required.
• Vitamin B12: individuals with hypothyroidism are found to have low B12 levels. If your B12 or B-complex levels are low or inadequate, doctors may suggest a supplement.
• Magnesium: Magnesium deficiency is linked to thyroid issues and increases the chance of triggering hypothyroidism. Incorporate greens, bananas, nuts and seeds like pumpkin seeds, cashews, and almonds in your foods to balance your magnesium levels.
• Iron: Iron deficiency can impede thyroid function. Iron deficiency is common among women with hypothyroidism. Incorporate lots of dark greens and dried fruits into your diet to maintain iron levels.
Can I switch to another thyroid drug?
Like many other therapies, thyroid drugs do not have the same effect on everyone. Additionally, thyroid hormone levels change throughout the day based on age and season. Various forms of thyroid hormone medications may include somewhat varying dosages. Switching meds or altering doses may interfere with your hormone levels. Different thyroid hormone medications may contain varying dosages, which may interfere with your hormone levels.
Do we require a doctor’s prescription for thyroid medicine?
It is essential to consult with a physician and undergo a medical examination to secure a prescription for thyroid medication.
How much does thyroid medicine cost?
Common thyroid medicines can start from Rs 150 a bottle. The prices will vary across regions.
How often will I need to take the thyroid medicine?
The frequency of medicine will depend on your medical reports and history. Your doctor may advice you to take a thyroid tablet at least once a day in the morning on an empty stomach, 30 minutes before your breakfast.