HomeHealth-and-wellnessDiagnostic TestMeaning, Preparation, & Procedure of SGPT Test for Liver Health

Meaning, Preparation, & Procedure of SGPT Test for Liver Health

SGPT test means Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase which measures how healthy your liver is. This test indicates the amount of Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (GPT) in blood serum. GPT is an enzyme that is commonly present in heart cells, kidneys, muscles, and the liver. SGPT is also called ALT (alanine aminotransferase) that your doctor recommends finding out a liver disease or liver injury due to any drugs.

sgpt test

The cost of an SGPT test can range from INR 150 to INR 400 or more depending on various factors. The price may vary depending on your location.

Please check the price of the SGPT test in Delhi/NCR, your nearby centers and other details.

Test Summary

Also known as SGPT blood Test, SGPT ALT Test, or SGPT Live Test
Test Type Blood
SGPT test includes To check how well is your liver performing       
Preparation No special preparation is required
Reporting Within 24 hrs
Test price The cost of an SGPT test is Rs. 150-Rs.400. The price may vary depending on your location.
Also included in Health Insurance Plans
Related tests Complete blood count, SGOT, Ultrasound, glucose test, bilirubin test, albumin, total protein

Why is the SGPT or ALT Test Important?

This enzyme is commonly present in your liver. This enzyme may also be found in your kidneys and other organs, in smaller amounts. To break down food into energy, your body needs ALT. Normally; ALT levels in the blood are low. If your liver is injured or damaged, then more ALT will be released in your blood and levels will elevate. Your doctor may prescribe this test along with other liver tests.

Why Would My Doctor Order This Test?

Your doctor will suggest this test if you are experiencing various symptoms of liver disease or damage. These symptoms could be any of the following:

  • Stomach pain or swelling
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Yellow skin or eyes (called jaundice)
  • Weakness
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Light-colored stool
  • Skin itching

Some other reasons for this test are listed below:

  • If you contact with the hepatitis virus
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Have a family history of liver disease
  • You are taking medications that can cause liver damage

Sometimes, doctors may recommend this test as a part of a regular exam. If you are suffering from liver diseases, then your doctor will suggest this test to see how well your treatment is working.

Preparation Before the SGPT Test

You don’t need any special preparation to perform this test. Your doctor might advise you not to eat or drink anything for up to 8–12 hours before the test. You can book an appointment for blood sample collection early in the morning for convenience. It is important to inform your doctor before the test if you are taking any medications or supplements as they may hamper the results of the test.

Since this is a blood test, you must wear comfortable clothes that allow easy access to the fold of your elbow for drawing out blood; a t-shirt or short-sleeved upper-wear is usually recommended. In case a child is getting the SGPT test, the parents are advised to bring along a toy or a book to distract them.

During the SGPT Test Procedure

The procedure for an SGPT test is quite simple; the patient only needs to sit still for a few minutes to give a blood sample, and they are free to go about their day. Listed below are the things that usually take place during the SGPT liver test:

  • You need to visit a lab or diagnostic centre to perform this test.
  • An experienced nurse or lab technician will collect your sample, mainly from the vein of your upper hand.
  • After tying a band around the upper part of your arm, the technician will identify the vein from which he will collect the blood sample.
  • He will clean the area by using an antiseptic and insert a needle into your vein.
  • Your blood will be deposited into a vial or tube.
  • Once the sample is collected, the technician will remove the band as well as the needle.
  • He will place a bandage or gauze at the site to stop the bleeding.
  • Your blood sample is either stored as per the standard guidelines or sent for examination.

The entire procedure will be completed within 5 minutes. You can also request at-home sample collection from your laboratory if it offers such a service and avoid the hassle of going to the lab. In case of an infant, the blood draw will be done by a technique called heel stick collection in which the heal of the baby’s foot is pricked with a tiny needle and the blood is collected.

SGPT Test Results

You will likely get your test results within a few hours or on the same day.
SGPT Test normal range can be between 7 to 55 units per litre (U/L). Men may have higher levels of ALT than women.

Slightly High ALT Levels May Be Caused By any of the following conditions:

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Cirrhosis (long-term damage and scarring of the liver)
  • Mononucleosis
  • Common medications like aspirin, statins, or sleep aids

Moderately High ALT Levels May Be Because Of any of the following conditions:

  • Chronic liver disease
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Cirrhosis
  • Blockage of the bile ducts
  • Heart attack or blockage (if your heart can’t pump enough blood to your body)
  • Kidney damage
  • Muscle injury
  • Damage to red blood cells
  •  Heart stroke
  • Too much vitamin A

Very High ALT Levels Can Be Caused By any of the following conditions:

  • Acute viral hepatitis
  • Overuse of drugs like acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Liver cancer
  • Sepsis


What are the reasons for ALT SGPT high?

The below-mentioned health conditions may be responsible for a high SGPT level

1. Acute viral hepatitis A and B
2. Hepatitis C
3. Celiac disease
4. Epstein-Barr virus
5. Diabetes
6. Heart attack
7. Obesity
8. Gallbladder inflammation

What are the symptoms of high SGPT?

The most common symptoms of high SGPT level symptoms are listed below:

1. Vomiting and nausea
2. Weakness
3. Fatigue
4. Leg inflammation
5. Shortness of breath
6. Excessive bleeding or bruising
7. Jaundice

If you are experiencing these symptoms, consult your doctor and go for an SGPT blood test which will evaluate your SGPT level.

How do you reduce your SGPT level?

To lessen the levels of SGPT, diet modifications are recommended. Include vitamin D foods like dairy items, soy milk, mushrooms, apples, eggs, tofu, dairy products, cod liver oil, and green leafy vegetables. You may consider walking or standing out in the sunlight for at least 20 minutes per day to get adequate vitamin D.

What other tests do you need to perform along with SGPT or ALT?

Along with SGPT or ALT, your doctor will likely recommend some other tests to check the following:

1. Bilirubin
2. Total Protein
3. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
4. Albumin
5. GGT
6. Alkaline phosphatase

Can Liv 52 reduce SGPT?

42 days of treatment orally with Liv. 52 extract (125 mg/kg) reduces the levels of serum markers SGOT, SGPT, and ALP. Please note that this is for informative purposes only, and you must visit your general physician before starting any treatment to avoid complications.

Can I drink water before the SGPT test?

If the doctor recommends this test as a part of your metabolic panel (CMP), you need to fast for 10 to 12 hours before your CMP blood test. You can’t eat or drink anything other than water. If your doctor doesn’t share any guidelines on how to prepare for the test, you can ask them proactively to ensure accurate test results.

What is the danger level of SGPT and SGOT?

If the SGOT/SGPT ratio is greater than 2, it is indicative of alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis.

What is the risk level of SGPT?

SGPT is a test to measure the blood levels of GPT, also known as Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), which is an enzyme that is produced in the liver, but when there is excess of this enzyme, it leaks in the bloodstream. Normal SGPT levels range is between 7 to 56 per litre of blood serum. Any reading beyond this normal range is considered a risk level of SGPT. A risk level of SGPT may lead to liver damage if left untreated or misdiagnosed.

Does SGPT test need empty stomach?

Usually, there is no need to get an SGPT test on an empty stomach. No special preparations are required for this test. One can eat and drink before performing an SGPT test. Your doctor or lab technician will inform you about how to prepare for this test if required.

What does it mean if SGPT is high?

SGPT stands for Serum Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase. If the SGPT test results shows high level of SGPT, it is clear sign of a liver damage. Besides, it may also be taken as a sign of some other serious disease or even cancer. Usually, the SGPT test is suggested with a few other tests, and the doctor may recommend additional tests after assessing the test results.

How can I reduce SGPT level?

The best way to reduce SGPT levels in your body is by taking a diet rich in Vitamin D. Experts believe that Vitamin D helps to prevent liver damage, thereby it reduces the high SGPT levels.

If your SGPT ALT test results show abnormally high levels of the enzyme, it is worth consulting a doctor.

Best Foods to reduce SGPT level?

Following foods will help to reduce SGPT levels because they are rich in Vitamin D:
1. Oysters
2. Mushrooms
3. Soy Milk
4. Oranges
5. Eggs
6. Tofu
7. Fortified Cereals
8. Cod Liver Oil
9. Dairy Products
10. Green Leafy Vegetables

Please note that these food items are meant to supplement your diet and not replace an entire meal. Eating a balanced diet is important in maintaining optimum health. For advice on which foods to avoid if your SGPT test results show abnormal values, you can consider consulting a doctor.

What are the symptoms of high SGPT?

Some common symptoms that show your body has high SGPT levels are as follows:

1. Heart Attack
2. Nausea
3. Vomiting
4. Pancreatitis
5. Muscle Injuries
6. Shortness of Breath
7. Drinking Excess Alcohol
8. Liver Damage

How SGPT test is done?

SGPT test, also known as ALT test is done to measure the levels of alanine aminotransferase. It is a blood test, where your blood sample will be taken through a Veni-puncture procedure. This is a procedure where blood sample is collected from a vein from the arm. The blood sample is then tested by lab experts to check the levels of ALT enzyme.

What are the best medicine for high SGPT and SGOT?

1. Vitamin D
2. Fruits and vegetables
3. Don't eat deep fried and junks
4. Regular exercise
5. Regular check-ups


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About The Author

Dr.William Lewis Aliquam sit amet dignissim ligula, eget sodales orci. Etiam vehicula est ligula, laoreet porttitor diam congue eget. Cras vestibulum id nisl eu luctus. In malesuada tortor magna, vel tincidunt augue fringilla eget. Fusce ac lectus nec tellus malesuada pretium.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) Gold Medalist (2009-2015) M.D In General Medicine (2016-2019), CCID (Infectious Diseases)

PG Diploma In Clinical Endocrinology v& Diabetes, Clinical Associate in Non-Invasive Cardiology

Dr.William Lewis Aliquam sit amet dignissim ligula, eget sodales orci. Etiam vehicula est ligula, laoreet porttitor diam congue eget. Cras vestibulum id nisl eu luctus. In malesuada tortor magna, vel tincidunt augue fringilla eget. Fusce ac lectus nec tellus malesuada pretium.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) Gold Medalist (2009-2015) M.D In General Medicine (2016-2019), CCID (Infectious Diseases)

PG Diploma In Clinical Endocrinology v& Diabetes, Clinical Associate in Non-Invasive Cardiology

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