Shyam is an employee who is working in a private company in Hyderabad. While working in the office, he experienced some unusual symptoms and visited a nearby hospital. Doctors who attended him said that he is suffering from colon cancer symptoms. Currently, he is undergoing treatment for the condition and improving well. He is now focusing on his office work without any difficulties.
What is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is a condition that results in the growth of cancer cells in the large intestine area. Although it affects older adults, it can happen at any age that can lead to several complications. The cancer is also called colorectal cancer which will affect the quality of life significantly. It begins as small cancerous cells called polyps. They will form inside of the colon that will cause discomfort and other problems.
What Are The Causes Of Colon Cancer?
Medical experts say that colon cancer is primarily caused by a genetic mutation that is either acquired or inherited.
Some mutations can result in abnormal growth of cells that accumulate in the lining of the colon. The cancer cells can destroy normal tissues resulting in complications. Moreover, they will travel to other parts of the body which can affect the quality of life.
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What Are The Stages of Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer involves 5 stages and the first stage is the early stage, which is quite easy to treat. In stage 1, this cancer will develop into the next layer of tissues. The condition will reach the outermost layers of the colon and doesn’t reach beyond the colon in stage 2. Stage 3 involves the growth of the cancer cells in the outermost layers and in three lymph nodes. Colon cancer will reach different parts of the body in stage 4.
Colon Cancer Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of colon cancer may vary from one person to another person depending on the stage and other factors. Hence, one should evaluate them with more attention that will help implement the preventive measures accordingly.
1. Change in Bowel Movements
Patients who suffer from colon cancer will experience changes in their bowel movements that can result in various complications. It is the early symptoms of colon cancer that need more attention. The changes in bowel movements can lead to constipation and diarrhea. Dietary habits and lifestyle changes can affect bowel movements.
2. Abdominal Pain and Bloating
Colon cancer may lead to abdominal pains and bloating problems. Anyone who is facing frequent abdominal pains should seek support from a physician. Bloating is another symptom of the condition that can cause discomfort to others. Several factors will influence abdominal pains and bloating problems to a great extent.
Anemia is one of the colon cancer symptoms that lead to the deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin. Intestinal bleeding may cause anemia which is the first sign of the disorder. It may result in fatigue, increased heart rate, dizziness, and skin paleness.
4. Weight Loss, Loss of Appetite, and Weakness
Colon cancer can lead to weight loss and loss of appetite significantly. Not only that, it will result in weakness that can affect a person in many ways. Nausea and stomach pains can lower hunger levels.
5. Pelvic Pains
Pelvic pain is one of the major colon cancer symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary to check the condition with a doctor that will help fix the problem as soon as possible.
6. Blood in Stool
Blood in stool is one of the signs of colon cancer in women as well as in men that can result in several problems. Those who are having the sign should undergo treatment to restore the condition effectively.
How is Colon Cancer Diagnosed?
Colon cancer patients should undergo certain medical procedures to detect the symptoms with accuracy.
Some of them include colonoscopy, double-contrast barium enema, fecal testing, FIT, gFOBT, etc. In some cases, blood tests are highly recommended for patients who suffer from colon cancer. They should also undergo X-ray or CT scans if necessary to diagnose the symptoms.
What are the Treatment Options?
The treatment options for colon cancer may vary from one patient to another patient depending on the stage and symptoms. Some of them include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and medications.
Tips to Prevent Colon Cancer
1. Maintaining a Healthy Weight
One should keep his/her weight in a healthy state that will help overcome colon cancer effectively. Maintaining a healthy weight allows a person to stay away from the symptoms of cancer.
2. Doing Exercises
Exercises play an important role in preventing colon cancer and they allow a person to stay active. On the other hand, it is wise to perform them with care to avoid injuries and other issues significantly.
3. Eating a Healthy Diet
Eating a healthy diet provides ways to minimize the risks of colon cancer. A person should consider consuming a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains that will help lead a trouble-free life. It is wise to select a diet plan which works well for the lifestyle and needs of a person.
4. Reducing Smoking and Alcohol Consumption
Smoking and alcohol consumption can increase colon cancer that will lead to complications in life. A person should stay away from the practice because they make feasible methods to minimize risks.
5. Avoiding a Sedentary Lifestyle
A person should avoid a sedentary lifestyle to get protection from colon cancer. He/she must engage in some useful activities to reduce stress and other mental worries. Living a sedentary lifestyle can increase the risks of colon cancer and one should do exercises and eat healthy foods to obtain optimal results.
Colon cancer can lead to potential hazards when it is not handled properly. Those who want to know the signs of colon cancer should undergo a screening test in a hospital. They can even consult with a physician to know the preventive measures and treatment options that will help accomplish goals.