The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones and secretes them into the blood to control our body’s metabolism. If your thyroid gland is unable to work aptly, you may suffer from either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. If you have hyperthyroidism, your thyroid hormone levels are above the normal levels, on the other hand, in hypothyroidism, you may have low levels of thyroid hormones in your body. Both conditions can impact other normal functions of your body. By altering some diet changes, you can keep thyroid hormone levels to the normal level.
If you have a thyroid problem, you should eat a healthy diet. Your doctor will also prescribe some medications along with a specific diet chart for thyroid to manage your condition. You should try to consume more balanced, calorie-controlled foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and legumes. Since the thyroid can influence your weight, you must include calorie-suppressed food items into your thyroid food chart.
Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism
If you have hypothyroidism, you may gain some weight. Other symptoms could be
- Chronic constipation
- Dry skin
- Muscle fatigue
By consulting a nutritionist, you must follow a diet chart for thyroid patients for weight loss for hypothyroidism and other related issues.
Also Read: 11 Yoga Asanas that Reduce Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Foods That You Should Eat in Hypothyroidism
Let’s take a look at some of the food items that will help you in managing your hypothyroidism.
1. Iodized Salt
Due to iodine deficiency, you may suffer from hypothyroidism. Shortage of iodine in your body may cause hypothyroidism.
Prepare your food items with some iodized salt to reinstate your iodine levels in your overall diet.
2. Brazil or Hazelnuts
Brazil or Hazelnuts are the ideal sources of selenium that will convert the inactive thyroid hormones to their active form.
Thus, they will help in enhancing the function of the thyroid gland.
3. Bone Broth
Your bones will become brittle due to hypothyroidism. Bone broth is a protein-rich liquid that is prepared by seething meaty joints and bones in water.
This improves your bone joints as it contains amino acids and collagen that control the weight. In this way, it manages your hypothyroidism.
4. Fish and Shellfish
Fatty fish is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and selenium.
These two control the level of cholesterol and improve the normal function of the thyroid gland. Consume fish like salmon, tuna, sardine, etc., and grill them.
5. Olive Oil
Olive oil is rich in healthy fats and thus, you should incorporate it into your hypothyroid diet.
It minimizes LDL cholesterol and keeps your body healthy. Olive oil also reduces your appetite.
Low-fat dairy products like Greek yogurt, cheese, and low-fat milk are excellent choices if you have hypothyroidism.
These food items boost iodine production both in the short as well as long term.
Eggs are a healthy breakfast option for people with hypothyroidism.
Eggs are rich in protein and also contain fat-soluble vitamins. They improve the level of iodine in your body. You may also feel fullness and thus, won’t consume unwholesome or junk foods.
Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism
You may suffer from hyperthyroidism due to excessive iodine and some other elements like selenium, calcium, zinc, etc. You may lose some weight due to hyperthyroidism.
Foods to Eat in Hyperthyroidism
Let’s take a look at some food items that are important for hyperthyroidism.
Fruits contain high levels of fiber, minerals, vitamins, and natural sugars. Fruits provide the required energy and essential nutrients. A person with hyperthyroidism should eat food every 2-3 hours. Fruits are antioxidants that purify blood flow.
2. Soy Chunks
Soy chunks are high in proteins and are also flooded with essential vitamins and minerals. These fibrous foods are light on the stomach and help in building your appetite.
Eating vegetables is good for people with hyperthyroidism as people in this condition often feel hungry due to enhanced metabolism. Thus, they eat more frequently. Vegetables prevent carbohydrate retention and make you full throughout the day.
Chicken is a good source of protein and fiber. Chicken ensures you have a good appetite while helping you in building your mass volume.
Rosemary relieves you from various symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Rosemary comes up with anti-inflammatory properties, thus, it manages this condition. Rosemary also enhances your appetite and is effective for your heart.
Fishes are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and are an ideal source of fiber. Fish is also low in calories and thus, keeps your heart healthy.
Basil is filled up with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. It is an ideal source of minerals and vitamins too. This minimizes your hyperthyroidism symptoms.
8. Brown Rice
Brown rice is an excellent source of protein, vitamins, and minerals. It has goitrogenic properties to prevent and fight hyperthyroidism.
9. Green Tea
If you have hyperthyroidism, you should drink one cup of green tea every day to manage its symptoms. The fluoride in green tea is blessed with anti-thyroid properties and thus, fights against the overproduction of thyroid enzymes. This is also very effective in balancing the hormones of the gland.
Diet Chart for Thyroid Patients
A perfect diet for thyroid patient to cure thyroid naturally-
- Breakfast: You can start your day with a glass of milk, salmon/ toast/ fruits, and vegetables
- Brunch: Almonds or salads
- Lunch: Your ideal lunch could be grilled fish with vegetables
- Evening snack: Roasted hazelnut/ fruit salad with green tea
- Dinner: Grilled chicken/vegetables topped with olive oil
Also Read: Get Healthy With Correct Exercise For Thyroid
These days, the thyroid is a common disorder for most people. By taking the right medications along with healthy nutrients, you can minimize the symptoms and uplift the functions of the thyroid gland. A thyroid-friendly diet will also minimize your weight and help you to lead a healthy life.